These philosophical reflections and critiques can be grouped under the umbrella term of interpretivism because of their emphasis on. Firstly, it is the research philosophy. There are two main types of philosophy and they are positivism and interpretivism. In this research. Background There are three commonly known philosophical research paradigms used to guide research methods and analysis: positivism, interpretivism and critical theory. Interpretivism is in direct opposition to positivism; it originated from principles developed by Kant and values subjectivity.


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To interpretivism philosophy both, it is best to start with understanding what research paradigm means. What is Research Paradigm and How it is Represented? Therefore, this is a specific way of perceiving the world a worldview that shape how we seek answers to research questions.

As Guba argued, a research paradigm is mainly characterised interpretivism philosophy its ontological, epistemological and methodological dispositions.

Interpretivism and Positivism (Ontological and Epistemological Perspectives)

What is Ontology and What is Epistemology? Understanding the two concepts makes it much easier interpretivism philosophy understand the nature of different research paradigms and their methodological applications. Remember, understanding is the key here, not remembering the definitions.

As a PhD student 7 years agoI tried to understand by reading everything Interpretivism philosophy could find but it only gave me a theoretical level understanding.


I still use this in qualitative research sessions to aid student understanding. Nevertheless, let us begin with definitions. Ontology is the nature of reality Interpretivism philosophy and Ozanne, and the epistemology is the relationship between the researcher and the reality or how this reality is captured or known Carson et al.

Following is my understanding and interpretation of the two terms.

Ontology is concerned with identifying the overall nature of existence of interpretivism philosophy particular phenomenon. When we seek answers reality to our research questions, we are referring to a particular type of knowledge that exist external to the researcher.

Interpretivism - Wikipedia

It is just the way things are. On the contrary, epistemology is about how we go about uncovering this knowledge that is external to researcher interpretivism philosophy learn about reality.


So it is concerned with questions such as how do we know what is true and how do we distinguish true from falls? Therefore, epistemology is internal to the researcher.

It is how they see the world around them. For example, if you were asked whether it will rain tomorrow, there are two obvious responses to interpretivism philosophy question Interpretivism philosophy or NO.

Can they be any other responses here?


What about the relationship between two constructs e. We know that there are at least a finite number of relationships. But what is your response if I say that I have asked my interpretivism philosophy to stay home, take care of the kids, interpretivism philosophy manage household things.

Is it right or wrong?


How many responses will we get from a classroom of students? The response to this question unlike the previous is contextually bound and interpretivism philosophy.

The nature of reality ontological disposition that the above two questions refer to is distinct from one another. The first interpretivism philosophy refers to a reality that is dichotomous.

This dichotomous reality exists independent of who is doing the research and two different researchers, therefore, will be able to arrive at same conclusions.